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PAS Excel Energy Gel with caffeine is a brand new espresso flavour gel.
24g Tri Carb Source - Multiply carbohydrate sources has been shown to have a deliver carbohydrates to the muscle quicker - http://www.mysportscience.com/single-post/2015/05/14/Carb-mixes-and-benefits
100mgCaffeine - Delay fatigue, enhance performance and reduces the perception of exercise. Goldstein et al (2010) International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
500mg BCAA - Branched chain amino acids can be utilised as an energy source during endurance events. A. B. Gualano et al (2011) Branched-chain amino acids supplementation enhances exercise capacity and lipid oxidation during endurance exercise after muscle glycogen depletion
100mg ATP - The only gel to contain the immediate energy source for muscle contraction. Extracellular functions of ATP include vasodilation and reduce pain perception. Supplementation with ATP for 15 days tended to reduce muscle fatigue and improved a participant’s ability to maintain a higher force output at the end of an exhaustive exercise bout. Rathmacher et al (2012) Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) supplementation improves low peak muscle torque and torque fatigue during repeated high intensity exercise sets
Electrolyte Blend - Sodium 78mg, Calcium 5mg, Magnesium 1mg - Electrolytes are lost through sweating and need to be replaced to prevent a drop in performance. They help absorb and retain fluid in the body so that it’s used more effectively. Sawka et al (2007) American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and fluid replacement.